IDPH Life Expectancy at Birth by Sex for Illinois, Chicago and Illinois Counties: 1989-1991, 1999-2001 and 2009-2011

There are two types of life tables –cohort/generational and current/period life tables.

Cohort life tables are constructed using the mortality experience of the cohort and may not be

useful for the cohort itself because every member of the cohort has to die before such a table can

be constructed. A current or period life table uses current mortality experience applied to a

cohort of births to compute the life table. On the basis of age intervals, life tables are classified as

complete or abridged. A complete life table uses exact single years and an abridged life table

uses age intervals. This report presents five-year age interval abridged current life tables.

Computation of an abridged life table from which life expectancy is derived requires

mainly population and death data by age and sex. In this report, population data consist of the

1990, 2000, and 2010 census counts of residents of each Illinois County and the city of Chicago.

These data were aggregated into five-year age groups and by sex and used as denominators in

computing mortality rates. The death data were received from the Illinois Center for Health

Statistics (ICHS) of the Office of Health Informatics (OHI). ICHS receives these data from the

Illinois Vital Records System (IVRS). Number of deaths by sex and specific age for each county

were obtained from 1989 to 2011 and aggregated at county level by five-year age groups for

each sex. Three-year averages were then computed for the periods 1989-1991, 1999-2001, and

2009-2011 and were used as numerators in computing mortality rates.

The overall life tables were constructed using Chiang’s (1984) Method II. This method

assumes a homogeneous population in which all individuals are subjected to the same force of

mortality, and in which survival of an individual is independent of the survival of any other

individual in the group. The method does not remove fluctuations in observed data; therefore, the


produced life tables exhibit more the factual mortality pattern in the actual da...

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Last Updated August 14, 2017, 20:19 (UTC)
Created August 14, 2017, 20:19 (UTC)